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Insulin shot could prevent type 1 diabetes in children

Categories: Current Research

Some researchers say that an early trial of giving insulin to children induced what appears to be a protective immune response at high risk of developing type 1 diabetes. This could lead to further research and trials to find a way to prevent diabetes from developing in young children.

Details of the research

This claim was a result of a study done on 25 children that were at risk for diabetes. Each child had a strong family history of type 1 diabetes, which puts them as risk. They tested the theory by giving 15 children doses of insulin, and 10 children were given a placebo dose, which means there is no insulin in those doses

Promising results

The researchers were given encouraging results which show that treating young kids with insulin early could prevent them from developing type 1 diabetes later on in life. Around 83 percent of children showed a protective immune system response. It’s hoped that those who have a response to the insulin capsules will create protective immune-regulating cells that recognize insulin and understand it is not a threat that needs to be attacked. This is beneficial because type 1 diabetes works by the body thinking insulin-producing cells are a threat and destroys them. This effectively counters the body’s negative response to the insulin-producing cells.

There is still more to be done

Since this study has been done on such a small scale, it needs more research and time to be understood. More numerous trials and studies need to be done to provide more backing evidence for the treatment’s positive results. It’s unclear how long the therapy would need to be provided to induce a protective immune response, or if the treatment could even eventually cause the disorder it’s attempting to prevent.

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